Cup and handle Pattern of Technical Analysis
The cup and handle formation (also called the cup with handle formation) is a bullish chart pattern that is defined by a chart where a stock drops in value, then rises back up to the original value, then drops a small amount in value, and then rises a small amount in value.
- Trend: A cup and handle formation should follow an increasing trend, ideally one that is only a few months old. The older the increasing trend, the less likely it is that the cup and handle will be an accurate indicator.
- Shape: In a cup and handle formation, the cup must always precede the handle. The cup should form a rounded bowl shape, with an obvious bottom. A V-shaped bowl is said to be avoided. The cup should be fairly shallow and ideally should retrace about 30% to 50% of the previous increase. The perfect pattern would have equal highs on either side of the cup, but this is not always the case.
- Duration: The cup should last 1 to 6 months, while the handle should only last for 1 to 4 weeks.These are only approximate values, however; a cup may last anywhere from a few weeks to a few years.
- Volume: The volume of the stock should decrease along with the price during the cup and should increase rapidly near the end of the handle when the price begins to rise.
Significance for traders:
A cup and handle Pattern formation is considered to be a bullish signal, and is usually followed by a sharp rise in value. A rather accurate estimation of the expected price rise is found by measuring the price rise from the bottom of the cup to the right side. The reason for a price rise following a cup and handle formation is largely unknown. Likely because many traders know about this signal and buy when they see it forming thus artificially creating the bullish uptrend.